Realtime Deforestation Monitoring Report (RDM 18) – November 2023

RDM 18, the last RDM report of 2023, highlights seven cases linked to soy and beef supply chains in the Cerrado and Amazon biomes. The cases gathered compound a total of 11,683 hectares of deforestation, 1,028 fire alerts, and around 3.9 million tons of gross CO2 emissions. Several cases included are potentially non-compliant with the EU Deforestation Regulation (EUDR), which entered into force in June 2023.

The cases included in this report cover deforestation alerts detected in October 2023 which have been visually confirmed as deforestation events occuring between March and November 2023. The seven cases reported are located in the Brazilian states of Pará, Mato Grosso, Bahia, and Piauí, and they have been linked, with different levels of certainty, to large soy traders, namely Amaggi, Bunge, and Cofco, and meatpackers, specifically JBS and Marfrig.

The CO2 emissions reported refer to above-ground carbon emissions and they vary according to the type of vegetation cleared, the ratio of molecular weight of carbon dioxide to carbon, and the amount of vegetation hectares cleared (check the “methods & sources” section of the report for more detailed information).

The EUDR prohibits commodities and products that have been produced in plots of land subjected to deforestation or forest degradation after 31 December 2020 from being placed in the EU market. Operators and traders that fail to comply with this requirement may face penalties once the core provisions of the law become applicable.

RDM reports are developed to support a wide range of actors – commodity producers and traders, financial sector stakeholders, and civil society – in taking evidence-based action towards real-time deforestation events. AidEnvironment publishes RDM reports on a monthly with support from EU LIFE Program and the European Climate Foundation.


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Joana Faggin
Program Manager Deforestation-free supply chains
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Marco Garcia
GIS coordinator Deforestation-free supply chains